How to identify a login in sys.dm_exec_sessions displayed as a SID starting with S-1-9-3

When looking at sys.dm_exec_sessions to see who is logged into a SQL Server instance, you may notice the login_name column contains a SID such as S-1-9-3-1474169822-1205489898-2971455952-561433448. This can happen as a result of using EXECUTE…